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亞馬遜港口市集尋寶趣
Treasure Hunting at a Market of an Amazon Port
by 胖胖樹王瑞閔 Juimin Wang (Ray Wang)

除了奧塔瓦洛的菜市場,我在米薩瓦利港旁的小公園也遇到了當地的小市集,展售多種本地農產品。包含大家比較熟悉且容易辨認的花生、可可果實、漿果辣椒,以及來自舊世界的蔬果香料,還有一些亞馬遜當地特殊的藥用植物與特產。

Except for Otavalo’s fresh market, I also encountered a small local market located beside a small park of Misahualli Port which sold many local produces, including peanuts that is familiar to us and easy to recognize, there were also cocoa fruit, ají pepper, other vegetables and fruits and spices of the Old World, and some medicinal plants and special local products that can only be found in the Amazon.

除了奧塔瓦洛的菜市場,我在米薩瓦利港旁的小公園也遇到了當地的小市集,展售多種亞馬遜本地農產品。 米薩瓦利港位在亞馬遜河上游納波河北岸,碼頭可以乘坐快艇,順流而下能夠抵達祕魯。據說名稱原意是蠟燭與能量,也有一說瓦利指的是樹幹。

港口海拔約500公尺,周圍都是森林。因為緊貼著亞馬遜雨林,生態豐富,周邊有許多生態旅遊的景點,所以有多家飯店在此經營。又因為是當地交通樞紐,附近有許多商店,環繞著一座有猴子雕像的小公園。

公園旁的週末市集,說穿了其實只有兩個攤子,販售的商品大同小異。大家比較熟悉且容易辨認的植物有花生、可可果實、漿果辣椒,以及來自舊世界的蔬果香料,如香蕉、薑黃、甘蔗、檸檬、洛神、肉桂。

此外,攤位上還有許多特殊的植物,像是奧塔瓦洛也曾碰到過的基多茄,以及果皮像蛇皮一般,味道如烏梅的棕櫚果實阿瓜椰,這兩種都是可以鮮食的水果。而成串販售的葉片是亞馬遜苦丁茶葉,當地重要的咖啡因飲料與民族植物。舉世聞名的巴拿馬草葉除了是編織的材料,也是經常食用的野菜,市集上可沒有缺席。其他還看到藥用的貓爪藤(鉤藤屬植物)、做護髮油的果實與成品,以及數種不知名藥草、看起來像是包材的竹芋科葉片,這些都是十分特殊,亞馬遜雨林特產的植物商品。

透過市集上這些植物,不但開了我們的眼界,也讓我們對當地居民的文化有了另一層的認識與了解。

作者簡介
胖胖樹王瑞閔 Juimin Wang (Ray Wang)

植物科普作家,獲得Openbook好書獎、金鼎獎與吳大猷科普著作獎金籤獎等五座著作獎項。從孩提至今,夢想打造一座熱帶雨林植物園。二十年來,為了尋找與保存影響台灣歷史的重要文化資產(熱帶植物),足跡遍布全台。2019年遠赴亞馬遜雨林與安地斯山脈研究當地民族植物,著作有《被遺忘的拉美──福爾摩沙懷舊植物誌》等四本書。擅長以說故事的方式介紹各種植物與台灣歷史文化的關聯,還有台灣與世界各地的連結。

Phytology and popular science writer, who has won five prizes in writing, including: the Openbook prize, the Golden Tripod Awards, and the golden prize of Wu Ta-You Awards of Popular Science Writing, etc. Since his childhood, Wang has dreamt to build a botanical garden of tropical rainforest. For the past 20 years, in order to search and preserve important cultural heritages (tropical plants) that have affected Taiwan's history, he has left his footsteps all over Taiwan. In 2019, he went to the Amazon Rainforest and the Andes Mountain to study local plants, and he further wrote four books including Forgotten Latin America: Formosa's Retro Flora. Wang is good at introducing the relationships between each kind of plant and Taiwan's history and culture, as well as the connections of Taiwan and the world by the way of storytelling.

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